فارسی | Monday, 17 January , 2022

ICT


Information and communication technology industry (ICT)


Undoubtedly, one of the key and most important Leading technologies in the 21st century is Information and communication technology or same as ICT. Today, all countries, especially developed and industrialized countries, have realized the importance of disseminating information and communication technology in all domains; and developing countries ،with an over-moderate investment in it, ask it as a means of rapid development and the short way of developing their countries. The occurrence of the information and communication revolution in recent decades has made the present era known as the Information and Communication Age. In 1965, ICT Seized about five percent of the cost of corporate investment, rising up to 15 percent in the 1980s, and in the 1990s, investment costs increased by 20 percent, and now more than 50% of all corporate investment costs will increase. This trend points to the importance of information and communication technology in business of companies, so that this technology has changed the foundation of the business and can be a strategic advantage for companies. The expansion of ICT in developed countries has increased the efficiency of their economies, and improved corporate performance, the emergence of new markets, and the improvement of micro and macro variables in developed countries since the 1990s are the result of ICT dissemination policies in these countries. Contrary to the experience of industrialized countries, ICTs in developing countries can be a major factor for quick access of these countries to higher developmental stages. Since developing economies do not operate in an efficient and optimized manner, the introduction of ICT in such economies will give them the potential for these economies to accelerate the pace of economic development. The role of this technology in development and developing economies of all developing countries is not a secret, but what distinguishes countries from each other is the type of strategy that they are adopting on information and communication technology. So that different countries’ policies for using ICT can differentiate their economic growth and development. Some developing countries are focused on the role of this technology in expanding exports. Although this policy can increase the importing of currency of countries, but many researchers believe that the role of exporting information and communication technology for developing countries is not very desirable and cannot be a factor for these countries to transfer their economies from livelihood to commercial. Because in this policy the basis of economic activity of the country does not expand and it only cause to extension a certain sector (foreign sector) and cannot provide the possibility of comprehensive development of the country’s economy. In recent years, the impact of ICT on industrialized countries, and especially on newly industrialized countries (such as South Korea and Singapore), has become very clear, and other developing countries are trying to take steps along the way with a sampling of this country.
On the other hand, today the telecommunications industry plays a key role in human communication. By expanding wireless telecommunication protocols, it is possible to communicate and exchange data in virtually any location and under any circumstances. Also, by increasing communication capacities such as bandwidth, communication speed and sustainability, it can be said that telecommunication technologies provide the ability to transfer information that is essential for the development of scientific and industrial development, and without the development of these technologies, it is possible to expand cyberspace has never been possible today.

 

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